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越单纯越幸福mv私人幼儿园寻求变革:资本与良知、利润与包容的博弈

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    下载APP 阅读本文更深度报道导语幼儿园这片市场,掺杂着资本与良心的博弈,但当资本火候过大、不顾幼儿死活的时候,政策这个指挥棒就会出来居中调停。它虽一直不显山不露水,但甫一发声,便能搅得天地风云变色。10年前,中国幼儿园毛入园率刚刚到50%,后来是民办园的发展弥补了公办园的缺位,助力适龄儿童的毛入学率在2017年达到八成。民办园体量快速发展,到2017年9月,新民促法面世,给幼儿园资产证券化扫清障碍,一时间,资本疯狂涌入。然而,营利教育要向股东负责,在索要回报这方面,资本从不懂得手软。民办园承受了资本的压力,于是本该用于改善师资的钱用到了股东利润分配上,盈利成了运营者最为关注的问题,幼儿园成了为少数股东谋利的工具。于是,问题接踵而来,最为惨痛的是虐童事件。倘若此时,对营利性民办园不加以控制,反而任其野蛮生长的话,服务于大多数人的教育将彻底变质。学前教育不该为资本和少数人服务。于是,2018年11月,学前教育新规发布,堵死幼教资产上市之路。紧接着,2019年1月,小区配套园相关规定下发,对其举办所有者性质下了死命令。至此,营利园与普惠园“二八分层”格局显型,岔路口上民办园如何抉择?从数据上看,2016年,我国中产阶级比例已到20.4%,两种比例数值存在的差异,是否一定程度上代表了双元市场特征下的资源错配?艾媒咨询数据显示,中国幼儿园数量逐年增加,预计2018年幼儿园市场规模达2300亿元,如此充满诱惑的数字,与步步紧逼的政策并行,资本还能否继续搅动一池春水?一、“互为路人”用坐过山车,来形容民办学前教育的发展历程再恰当不过。民办园就像是有一颗功率不大好的心脏,手里捏着速效救心丸,随时准备来一口,顺便唱上一首《忐忑》。 而影响学前教育这辆车速度的,先是政策,后是随政策而动的资本。2018年学前教育新规下发,给学前教育资产带来致命影响,加上普惠园政策加码,一时间人人避之唯恐不及。民办园年岁不大却饱经风霜,甚至让人想不起它也有过辉煌。民办园的兴起源于“入园难”。建国以后30年,改革开放走入市场首先发现的并不是幼教这个行业的蓬勃发展,反而幼教行业在一定时期一直维持在全国16万所园的数量,而且在2001年还退步到11万。“幼教这个行业某种意义上讲在改革开放的初期是被国家忽视的一个产业,这个产业在风雨中自己飘摇,在相当长一段时间内孩子根本上不了幼儿园,家长只能接受。”康雁(Etonkids总裁兼KA儿童之家联合创始人、CEO)说道。2002年民促法颁布,民办幼儿园正式获得合法地位,这一阶段,教育部门办园几乎无任何增长,民办幼儿园是绝对“一枝独秀”,到2009年,园所数从5万变成9万,在园儿童人数从400万到1000万。(2002-2009年幼儿园数量及人数)不过,即使到2009年,中国幼儿园毛入园率才刚到50%,至少有一半的孩子在接触K12阶段教育之前,未曾有过学前三年教育的经历。为了解决幼儿园数量不足的问题,从2011年起,国务院开始实施多期学前教育三年行动计划,这带来的结果是,适龄儿童的毛入学率在2017年达到八成,而这一“飞跃”得益于社会力量参与办学。(数据来源:全国教育事业发展统计公报)有数据显示,2012年,民办幼儿园的在园幼儿数达到1853万,首次超过公办幼儿园,成为中国学前教育的主体。此后民办幼儿园的增速不减,到2017年,已有56%的孩子在民办园上学。至此,“入园难”问题有所缓解。尽管民办园在学前教育普及率的提高上发挥了不容小觑的力量,然而刚刚崛起的民办幼教资产,还没有那么大的吸引力,这时候的资本,对其仍处于一种观望态度。用夏勍(诺博教育董事长兼CEO)的话说,就是“互为路人”。“资本大爷在路上走着的时候见到了年轻的幼儿园阿姨,大爷只是看了一眼阿姨朴素的打扮,没有什么多余的想法。”二、“疯狂追求”从学前教育接触资本的历史来看,比较有代表性的事件之一是威创股份(002308)的四起收购事件。作为一家上市公司,威创的转型尤为彻底。2015年,威创股份以100%股权收购红缨教育,此后,又先后收购了金色摇篮(100股权)、鼎奇幼教(70%股权)、可儿教育(70%)等公司。两年时间内,威创股份从主营业务“超高分辨率数字拼接显示墙”,成功转型成为幼教行业龙头。其中红缨教育、金色摇篮都已超额完成对赌业绩。威创股份2017年上半年财报显示,威创股份实现营收4.75亿元,同比增长4.82%;归属于上市公司股东的净利润1.04亿元,同比增长45.43%。而这样的抢眼业绩委实要归功于其新增的幼教业务,2017年上半年,红缨教育实现营收1.00亿元,实现净利润2738.78万元;金色摇篮实现营收8814.20万元,实现净利润5619.64万元。总体来看,幼教行业占营收比重达39.67%,相较于去年增长了13.11%。有珠玉在前,一时间,幼教资产成为不少公司瞄准的收并购对象,风头无两。除了威创股份,一同向幼教行业发展的还有秀强股份(300160)、长方集团、电光科技(002730)等。然而上市公司对幼教资产的疯狂加码,其背后却是二级市场的跌宕起伏。正如某业内人士所言:上市公司为了获得高PE,当公司原主业遇到发展瓶颈时,往往通过资本来整合产业以获得高估值,以此获得垄断性优势。这无疑是一场独属于资本的游戏。尤其是自2015年以来,随着证监会“放松管制”,扫除跨行业、跨地区、跨所有制并购重组的障碍,鼓励上市公司的市场化并购;2017年9月,新民促法面世,允许民办学校的举办者自主选择设立非营利性或者营利性民办学校。由此,民办学前教育加速驶入快车道,幼教产业作为朝阳产业,成为了资本眼中的“香饽饽”。然而,不容忽略的是,资本的逐利性,使得其就像是深山的狼,目光坚定,只会是奔着鲜血而去。三、多事之秋2017年9月,红黄蓝在美IPO,资本敏锐地意识到,幼儿园资产是能够独立上市的,幼教资本化原来还能这样玩。在红黄蓝IPO带动下,民办化、资本化、连锁化成幼儿园发展新趋势,与之相伴而生的,则是幼教市场暴露了越来越多的问题。“虐童”是其中最为惨痛和极端的案例,是资本开出的“曼陀罗”,很大程度上是因为,幼教资产过度扩张,而园所在运营、师资、管理、监督等方面跟不上的结果。以红黄蓝为例,一开始红黄蓝自建直营幼儿园,根据实践经验,每新开一家幼儿园,从开始筹备到成熟期大约需要4年左右时间,大多数成熟幼儿园的毛利率通常在20-40%左右;后来红黄蓝又双线发展出加盟模式,由加盟商出钱,红黄蓝负责输出品牌和管理经验。“先以直营园所站稳脚跟,后开启轻资产加盟模式”可以归纳为红黄蓝主要资产幼儿园和亲子园的扩张方式。在扩张速度上,特许经营的加盟模式远高于直营模式。数据显示,2014年到2016年,红黄蓝直营幼儿园分别有50、62和77所,值得注意的是,2016年一举增加15所直营园,占到直营园总数约20%;直营亲子园分别有24、14和10所,呈现出逐年下降的趋势。到2017年年底,红黄蓝在全国30个省市开展了85家直营和210家特许经营幼儿园,全国一共开了953个亲子园。喜人的数据下,危机暗藏。上市不到两个月,红黄蓝就爆出了北京朝阳区新天地幼儿园“虐童事件”。教育行业自来就有其特有的发展规律,诸多服务细节需要打磨,资本的逐利行为,却恨不得红黄蓝“飞起来”,直营园、加盟园良莠不齐,部分幼儿园过于追求业绩,使得师资、教育内容、服务质量和安全把控方面无法得到保证。“我感觉做品质和做规模其实是矛盾的,要想真心做一件事就不要贪多。”康雁讲道,“这也是为什么在中国过去几年,反复出现食品安全问题、虐童问题。这都是由于扩张速度过快,我们的管理超出了能力所覆盖的范围。”他补充道,苏宁可以有上万家店,麦当劳也不错,人家是以非常优质的标准化的管理能力去实现万店覆盖的,“幼教行业还远远没有到这种程度”。然而,比“虐童”更令人寒心的,是资本的态度。“虐童事件”后,红黄蓝股价跌幅近40%。然而仅仅在红黄蓝高管宣布5000万美元股票回购计划的一个周末后,红黄蓝一度腰斩的股价出现反弹,在盘前交易中一度上涨近15%,收盘涨幅达9.73%,周二股价继续反弹,收盘涨幅超过了23%。这一极具反差的数字再次证明“当资本来到人间,每一个毛孔都滴着肮脏的血”。具有公益性质的教育被当成了一门赤裸裸的生意,只为资本和少数人服务,将每个孩子,每个家庭,整个社会的未来交付于利益,这本身就是一条“走到黑”的路。而教育的未来应该是光明的。四、“质本洁来还洁去”2018年11月,学前教育新规发布,给“荒唐许久”幼教市场来了一次悬崖勒马。新规指出,民办园一律不准单独或作为一部分资产打包上市;上市公司不得通过股票市场融资投资营利性幼儿园,不得通过发行股份或支付现金等方式购买营利性幼儿园资产。这无疑于直接堵死了营利性幼儿园的上市之路,也就是说,民办营利性幼儿园只能通过学费和服务费用赚取利润,这让民办幼儿园投资和并购之路变得更加曲折。学前教育新规发布首个交易日,港股、A股教育板块低迷收盘。新规发布当晚,红黄蓝股价出现腰斩。盘前跌幅25%,开盘后一度暴跌近53%,之后紧急临时停牌,很快恢复交易后,跌幅一度扩大至近60%。此外,新规发布不到一周,群兴玩具(002575)发布公告称,终止设立群兴彩虹蜗牛幼儿园并购基金。并表示:公司自2018年7月披露公告拟成立群兴彩虹蜗牛幼儿园并购基金以来,截至本公告披露日,公司没有在学前教育领域投入任何资金、没有出资设立任何幼儿园并购基金、没有出资收购任何幼儿园,所以国家学前教育政策变化不会对公司产生任何影响。仿若此前豪掷2个亿成立基金打算并购幼儿园资产的不是它。资本表现得竟如此干脆,它及时抽身,就像是选择大难临头各自飞的另一半,其无情、冷酷,却也恰恰迎合了政策希望达到的目的:学前教育应该回归它原本的样子,它脱轨太久了。在资本逐利下,“入园难”、“入园贵”变本加厉,成为困住广大幼儿父母的枷锁,为了解决这一问题,新规特别提到:到2020年,全国普惠性幼儿园覆盖率(公办园和普惠性民办园在园幼儿占比)将达到80%。再次将之前的普惠园政策规定提上日程。所谓的普惠园,是指接受政府价格指导的面向公众开放的合格幼儿园,包括公办园和非营利性民办园。为了大力发展普惠园,政府鼓励民办园转为非营利性民办幼儿园,同时给予其一定补贴,幼儿园已经“面目全非”太久,普惠园的规定能否解救被困住的幼儿父母,曾经野蛮生长的幼儿园,出路又在何方?五、各有千秋民办幼儿园按照学费和园所环境被划分成中低端、高端幼儿园。这样的划分标准约定俗成,“但如何分类幼儿园还是以办园品质为标准来划分更好。”李婷(大爱幼教CEO)说道。从当前来看,一线城市一般高端园收费在8000-10000元/月;中高端幼儿园收费分为3000-4000,4000-6000,6000-8000等三个档次;低端幼儿园一般分为1200-2000,2000-3000两个档次。收费不同,学生能享受到的软件跟硬件上的待遇自然也不一样。比如,高端幼儿园可以请到优秀的外教,会组织学生开展游学,低端幼儿园因为收费低,预算里就没有这方面的支出。如今,国家为解决“入园贵”难题而大力推广的普惠园,已经成为大略方针,在此影响下,幼儿园市场格局会发展成什么模样?在夏勍看来,对普惠园政策最敏感的当属中端幼儿园,“普惠园政策将把中端幼儿园向两头挤压”。因此,中端幼儿园的出路有两条:要么,提升品质变为高端幼儿园,将自身的课程特色、服务、品牌等打造地区别于普惠园,从而吸引对教育服务有特殊需求的家长,并收取较高学费来支付高额房租以及优秀的人力成本。要么,降低成本,保证安全,做好幼儿看护工作,做成普惠园,此外,为了幼儿园密集区保证竞争优势,可以保留一定的课程特色服务。他还补充道,极低端幼儿园、不合安全条件的黑园会直接被淘汰。李白(联帮在线CEO)同样认为普惠园政策下发后,中端幼儿园或许将不复存在。不同的是,她认为,所有的中端幼儿园都会转变成普惠性幼儿园。也因此,业内普遍认为,未来的幼教市场将逐渐形成“高端+普惠”二八分成格局。通俗地讲就是“专人专事”,“要普惠就做普惠性幼儿园,要营利就做营利性幼儿园,低端抓实惠,高端做特色。”有业内人士这样说道,“普惠与高端,背后是园所是否营利。”也有园长表示,转型方向的选择,主要跟园所自身条件与定位有关。在他看来,如果园所本身有自身的品牌,可以获得教育局以及家长的认可,自然要做高端。李朋强(水合资本合伙人)则认为,除了将园所转换为普惠园或高端园外,幼儿园不妨考虑做业态延伸或者做2B服务,或者变成幼儿园的服务商。李白想得更长远一些:“目前的情况是,走普惠的幼儿园,国家会给一定的补贴;高端幼儿园则供有余力的家长为孩子选择。但是我觉着这样的阶段只是一个过渡阶段,未来应该是像发达国家,比如美国、澳大利亚、新加坡、日本等国家一样。”她进一步解释道,每一个家庭的税收跟孩子的个数会被录入进人力保障系统当中,政府会基于家庭的收入情况(比如税收缴纳少,或者是单亲家庭),在孩子不同的年龄段给予相应的补贴。“家长只需要选择幼儿园就好,政府会把相应的教育补贴直接下达到孩子所在的幼儿园。家庭只需要缴纳他应该缴纳的一部分就好。”李白认为,如果这种形式被采纳的话,也就意味着不管家长选择哪种性质的幼儿园,都可以获得相应的补贴,“而不是一刀切的,从幼儿园的角度去限制收费”。园所选择普惠还是高端,决定了其是否选择营利,然而,对于小区配套幼儿园来说,不管是办成公办园还是委托办成普惠性民办园,都不得营利。而政策对于小区配套幼儿园不得办成营利性幼儿园的规定,十分关键。六、小区配套幼儿园非营利性的必要性2019年1月,国务院办公厅印发《关于开展城镇小区配套幼儿园治理工作的通知》,《通知》要求,小区配套幼儿园移交当地教育行政部门后,应当由教育行政部门办成公办园或委托办成普惠性民办园,不得办成营利性幼儿园。也就是说,“二八”格局下,若民办园选择转为小区配套园,或者园所本身在小区内,“营利”将与其无关。选择这样做的理由,教育部基础教育司司长吕玉刚介绍,2017年全国学前教育调研发现,一些地方城镇小区有的没有配建幼儿园,有的虽然建了但没有办成公办园或者委托办成普惠性民办园,这是造成城镇“入公办园难”“入普惠性民办园难”“就近入园难”的重要原因。夏勍从财产所有者的角度分析:“法律上,因为小区配套园地产开放商未交土地出让金,幼儿园资产属于国有,因此应交还政府。”事实上,小区配套园不得营利的规定,学前教育新规中也有提及。有专家认为,该条规定,针对的正是不少房地产商将教育作为营利点,故意将小区配套园建成高收费园所。数据显示,在一线城市,不小区配套园收费已经达到4000元/月,更有甚者,高达8000元。受地域垄断性的影响,不少家长只能选择妥协。“小区配套幼儿园被建成营利性民办幼儿园,已引起很多小区居民不满。哪怕小区中的富人不少,有能力支付天价保教费,可作为小区公共服务配套的幼儿园,是面向周围所有小区居民的,加之具有地域上的垄断性,因此,必须办为普惠园。”熊丙奇(21世纪教育研究院副院长)说道。在他看来,如果要办营利性民办幼儿园,可以选择在其他场所举办。“这虽然会提高营利性幼儿园的办园成本,但举办者要意识到,既享有配套政策优惠,又举办为营利性幼儿园的‘好日子’已经过去了。”不过,在夏勍看来,小区配套园具体是要举办普惠园、公办园还是高端民办园,都无可厚非,应该看此园周围社区人群的定位。他还提出一个建议:“如果周围都是高端人群,对高端幼儿园有很强的市场需求,政府也可以将国有资产竞价出租,办成满足市场的高端园。可以将收回的租金用来投资其他位置的普惠园,或变成教育券给到附近的工资水平较低的社区居民。”然而,一个不容改变的事实是,园所的质量不应该因其性质的变化而降低。七、普惠≠平庸关于小区配套园规定的通知发布后,不少人都担心未来中国的学前教育,毕竟,虽然有财政补贴,但其数额也可能是很少的,有名为“大山九”的作者在简书上发文呼吁:别让“普惠”政策成为中国幼教走向平庸的开始。他在文章中指出,作为小区配套园,势必被普惠:即收费受到限制,补贴少且附加管制;而优秀的教师、优秀的管理、优质的环境、优质的食材、丰富的教具、丰富的活动……没有一项是不需要大量投入的。如果让它们退出配套园场地易地重办,更是致命一击:首先社会上适合办幼儿园的场地很少,而自建场地对于大多数人而言都无此实力。另外,还有一个不应忽略的事实是:随着中国经济的发展,国民收入的提高,有相当比例的群体愿意为优质教育买单,而不是一味地追求低价和普惠。而这样的担心,来自对政府补贴的担忧。正如熊丙奇说言:“普惠民办幼儿园会降质,是基于政府对普惠民办幼儿园补贴少、管制多,比如按政府限价或指导价收费,但补贴却很少,政府财政补贴加新的保教费标准,与之前的保价费相差很远,那这确实会影响转为普惠的民办幼儿园质量。”但实际情况并非如此,比如北京市财政局和北京市教委近日印发《北京市市级财政支持学前教育事业发展补助资金管理使用实施细则(修订)》,与此前“暂行”版细则相比,用于公益普惠园办园成本支出补助的生均定额补助不再分为一二三级,而是统一提高到每生每月1000元。因此,只要合理制订财政补贴政策,降低保教费并不会降质。截至目前,已有多个地区出台了普惠性幼儿园认定与管理办法、普惠性幼儿园补贴政策:(来源:根据公开信息整理)此外,他还表示:“提高民办幼儿园的办园质量,最重要的是落实和扩大幼儿园的办园自主权,减少行政干预,让幼儿园把精力都用到办园上。”熊丙奇补充道:“这就要求政府部门在治理民办型小区配套幼儿园时,既要补贴到位,同时放权到位,即增加对学前教育的投入,加大对普惠民办幼儿园的扶持力度,同时深化放管服改革,在依法监管所有幼儿园规范办园基础上,落实幼儿园自主权。”李婷同样表示:“建议地方政府的相关负责人在城镇小区配套幼儿园治理过程中,从实际出发,不搞一刀切,严格遵循通知提出的‘一事一议’、‘一园一案’的针对性整改要求。”她还表示,地方政府可以制定具有吸引力的普惠性幼儿园财政支持政策和补贴标准,激发其积极性,避免出现“只管不理”“普而不惠”“低而不优”的现象,从根本上达到“降价不降质”“普惠不普通”“公平有质量”的目的。“二八”分层已成定局,正如某位业内人士说的,政策带来的综合影响是:资金全面收紧,竞争加剧,整体成本上升,教师数量进一步紧缺,小区配套整改风险高。那对于一直以来,在幼教发展史上发挥着无法忽视作用的资本,又该何去何从?八、资本的“另辟蹊径”王红兵(壹点壹滴董事长兼CEO,原红缨教育CEO)曾在公开场合表示:“政策的核心本质不是营利和非营利,它的本质是普惠。”在他看来,政策给学前教育很重要的信号,无论是政策、资本,还是互联网,同时都在宣告一件事情,中国学前教育这个产业挣快钱、轻松赚钱的时代已经过去。“以前开一家幼儿园,收入1000万或是500万,毛利率至少有40%。原因在于学前教育是免税的。今天你要申报为盈利,那税就要砍掉一半,你盈利的部分就砍掉了一大半。除此之外,还有场地成本。”王红兵举例道。在他看来,那些之前盈利能力强的幼儿园,很多当时用的都是小区配套幼儿园,“但今天小区配套幼儿园纷纷要办成普惠幼儿园。租商业用地的房租很高,再加上税收成本,整个成本都在快速上升。”因此,如何最大限度地帮助幼儿园提升效率,帮它省钱成为当下幼儿园从业者应该思考的一个问题。李朋强说道:“幼儿园逐渐进入微利时代。”在他看来,政策下发后,之前所进行的幼儿园产业的整合并购上市的路径已经走不通了,资本可以先缓缓,调整所关注的领域。他比较看好给幼儿园做赋能的项目:一类致力于帮助幼儿园提升办园质量,比如做师训;另外一类是帮助幼儿园投资人变现的项目,基于现有流量变现或做产业业态延伸。投资人应该注意人和事的匹配程度,重点看幼儿园是否具备转型成营利性幼儿园的资质(是否是小区配套园等)和能力。此外,他认为新规会强化对幼师的培训,产业的升级背后一定是人才的升级。因此,幼儿园自身的师资、课程、管理等同样重要。李白站在投资人的角度,认为高端幼儿园更有投资价值。“从发达国家的例子来看,谁能拿到私立民办幼儿园的执照,基本上就是一个金饭碗。虽然投资幼儿园谈不上能获得暴利,但所获得的的投资收入非常稳定。所以要投资的话,就投资营利性的幼儿园,毕竟作为投资来说需要有回报的。”夏勍表示在政策影响下,向幼儿园提供管理服务的公司迎来发展机会:“尤其是具有互联网属性的,产品技术壁垒较高的,可以获取家庭儿童数据的教育机构。”他还补充道,“科创板的创立也更会让这样的学前教育公司有很大的机会。”九、“二八”分层下,供给端与需求端的矛盾政府文件中已经明确指出,未来普惠园的覆盖率将达到80%,即主旋律是普惠,营利性幼儿园逐年减少,然而同一时间,有一个摆在眼前需要思考的问题是,在我国是否会有如此多的家庭需要普惠园?有数据显示,我国中产阶级正在迅速壮大,新兴中产阶层与富裕阶层的比例在2016年时,已经达到20.4%,需求侧与供给侧两种比例数值存在的差异,是否一定程度上代表了双元市场特征下的资源错配?康雁以自身为例,说道:“普惠园政策出来后,我们Etonkids很多家长说千万不能转普惠,如果转的话,他们就会到其他的营利园去。家长希望有差异化的教育、有国际化的教育、有定制化的教育,他们同时知道天下没有免费的午餐,好的教育一定需要好的资源。”那有多少中产阶级家庭的家长愿意让孩子输在起跑线上?在康雁看来,未来五年,真正有品质的高端园会供不应求;民办园、普惠园、公立园的家长一定会在校外寻求教育进步,“体制内满足不了了,750块还想教美术、英文,还想请外教?一定有大量的K12机构会在市场上发展,家长会在孩子下课以后去找额外的机构去补孩子在课堂里面获得不到的课程。这是市场需求造成的。”然而,无论如何,有一个永恒不变的是提高教育品质是不二法门。“全行业都面临一个问题,怎么给我们幼师一份有尊严的职业,有发展的职业,真正在体系上能够成长的职业。这些是我们这些从业者要去思考的,里面有大量的机会。”十、政策落地避免“一刀切”“入园难”“入园贵”是幼儿园一直为人口诛笔伐的点,由于学前教育资源供给不足,家长没有选择甚至无法选择。正如熊丙奇所言,当市场机制失灵时,一些幼儿园举办者并不重视办园质量,只想着如何快速扩张谋利。这导致的结果就是,即便是一些天价幼儿园,“虽然保教费高,但是,幼儿园的管理却比较混乱,教师待遇也不高,之前已经上市的幼儿园集团还曝出过虐童丑闻”。因此,发展普惠园,增加学前教育资源供给就成了顺理成章的事情。“这一方面可以缓解入园难、入园贵的问题,另一方面,也可提高幼儿园整体质量。”熊丙奇解释道,当普惠学前教育资源供给增加,营利性民办幼儿园要吸引生源,就必须提高质量,制订合理的保教费标准。这可切实消除部分营利性民办幼儿园的短视办学行为,重视打造品牌,也改变民办幼儿园“暴利”的形象。然而,还有一个无法忽略的事实是,民办园在转为普惠园的过程中,会导致很多无法避免的问题出现。有家长跟媒体反应,自己孩子上的幼儿园在转为普惠园之后,尽管学费变少了,但是孩子上的保教课程出现了撤课的情况:比如之前的外教课、轮滑等特色课程都取消了。有业内人士在接受媒体采访时曾表示,民办普惠园生存压力很大,其学费收入可能仅能覆盖其基本的运营和人力成本,但是一些外教、素质教育方面的课程可能无法跟得上。此外,普惠园数量的增加并不意味着“入园容易”。此前有家长接受媒体采访时曾表示,她所在的地区人口密度大,但幼儿园数量并不多。“学费降到了750,一下子便宜了很多,有许多人蜂拥而至,报名更不容易了。”值得注意的是,有的家长对自家所在小区幼儿园转为普惠园十分不满:“虽然普惠园便宜,但是一分价钱一分货。”而她所在小区的人群收入普遍较高。她担心幼儿园转为普惠园之后,原来园所开设的类似亲子游、外教课等活动会被取缔。“这会导致课程质量下降,这并不是我们希望看到的。”以上列举的也是当下,民办普惠园普遍面临的一些问题。政策出台的初衷,是为了更好地服务于家长和幼儿,解决“入园难”、“入园贵”的问题,并不是为了“80%”这样一个好看的数字。因此,笔者认为,政策在落地过程中,应该更加人性化、更加灵活,而不是一刀切式的执行,以防止部分地区政策落实“用力”,而导致部分办学质量较高的幼儿园出现退步的情况发生,反而得不偿失。十一、记者手记幼儿园的发展经历了一段曲折的时光,其最先因弥补了公办园在学前教育阶段的缺位,而成为“英雄”,待政策扫清其证券化的障碍后,一度成为资本追捧的对象,幼教市场的确因为资本的快速涌入获得空前发展。然而,不可忽略的是,快速扩张的过程中,因资本的逐利性,暴露了不少的问题,最严重的的比如虐童事件。此外,当资本没有看到所期望的收益,选择撤出,势必会造成行业的大片伤亡。因此做教育,必须做好长期经营的打算,教育不是一个“玩玩儿而已”的事情。社会力量在幼儿园的发展中出了很多力气,也卓有成效,尽管政策加紧,但对社会力量的期待,并没有因此而消失。“鼓励社会力量举办非营利性民办学校”是政府的期待,也是社会的期待。

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yu" ru yuan nan". jian guo yi hou 30 nian, gai ge kai fang zou ru shi chang shou xian fa xian de bing bu shi you jiao zhe ge hang ye de peng bo fa zhan, fan er you jiao hang ye zai yi ding shi qi yi zhi wei chi zai quan guo 16 wan suo yuan de shu liang, er qie zai 2001 nian hai tui bu dao 11 wan." you jiao zhe ge hang ye mou zhong yi yi shang jiang zai gai ge kai fang de chu qi shi bei guo jia hu shi de yi ge chan ye, zhe ge chan ye zai feng yu zhong zi ji piao yao, zai xiang dang zhang yi duan shi jian nei hai zi gen ben shang bu liao you er yuan, jia zhang zhi neng jie shou." kang yan Etonkids zong cai jian KA er tong zhi jia lian he chuang shi ren CEO shuo dao. 2002 nian min cu fa ban bu, min ban you er yuan zheng shi huo de he fa di wei, zhe yi jie duan, jiao yu bu men ban yuan ji hu wu ren he zeng zhang, min ban you er yuan shi jue dui" yi zhi du xiu", dao 2009 nian, yuan suo shu cong 5 wan bian cheng 9 wan, zai yuan er tong ren shu cong 400 wan dao 1000 wan. 20022009 nian you er yuan shu liang ji ren shu bu guo, ji shi dao 2009 nian, zhong guo you er yuan mao ru yuan lv cai gang dao 50, zhi shao you yi ban de hai zi zai jie chu K12 jie duan jiao yu zhi qian, wei zeng you guo xue qian san nian jiao yu de jing li. wei liao jie jue you er yuan shu liang bu zu de wen ti, cong 2011 nian qi, guo wu yuan kai shi shi shi duo qi xue qian jiao yu san nian xing dong ji hua, zhe dai lai de jie guo shi, shi ling er tong de mao ru xue lv zai 2017 nian da dao ba cheng, er zhe yi" fei yue" de yi yu she hui li liang can yu ban xue. shu ju lai yuan: quan guo jiao yu shi ye fa zhan tong ji gong bao you shu ju xian shi, 2012 nian, min ban you er yuan de zai yuan you er shu da dao 1853 wan, shou ci chao guo gong ban you er yuan, cheng wei zhong guo xue qian jiao yu de zhu ti. ci hou min ban you er yuan de zeng su bu jian, dao 2017 nian, yi you 56 de hai zi zai min ban yuan shang xue. zhi ci," ru yuan nan" wen ti you suo huan jie. jin guan min ban yuan zai xue qian jiao yu pu ji lv de ti gao shang fa hui liao bu rong xiao qu de li liang, ran er gang gang jue qi de min ban you jiao zi chan, hai mei you na me da de xi yin li, zhe shi hou de zi ben, dui qi reng chu yu yi zhong guan wang tai du. yong xia qing nuo bo jiao yu dong shi zhang jian CEO de hua shuo, jiu shi" hu wei lu ren"." zi ben da ye zai lu shang zou zhe de shi hou jian dao le nian qing de you er yuan a yi, da ye zhi shi kan le yi yan a yi pu su de da ban, mei you shen me duo yu de xiang fa." er" feng kuang zhui qiu" cong xue qian jiao yu jie chu zi ben de li shi lai kan, bi jiao you dai biao xing de shi jian zhi yi shi wei chuang gu fen 002308 de si qi shou gou shi jian. zuo wei yi jia shang shi gong si, wei chuang de zhuan xing you wei che di. 2015 nian, wei chuang gu fen yi 100 gu quan shou gou hong ying jiao yu, ci hou, you xian hou shou gou le jin se yao lan 100 gu quan ding qi you jiao 70 gu quan ke er jiao yu 70 deng gong si. liang nian shi jian nei, wei chuang gu fen cong zhu ying ye wu" chao gao fen bian lv shu zi pin jie xian shi qiang", cheng gong zhuan xing cheng wei you jiao hang ye long tou. qi zhong hong ying jiao yu jin se yao lan dou yi chao e wan cheng dui du ye ji. wei chuang gu fen 2017 nian shang ban nian cai bao xian shi, wei chuang gu fen shi xian ying shou 4. 75 yi yuan, tong bi zeng zhang 4. 82 gui shu yu shang shi gong si gu dong de jing li run 1. 04 yi yuan, tong bi zeng zhang 45. 43. er zhe yang de qiang yan ye ji wei shi yao gui gong yu qi xin zeng de you jiao ye wu, 2017 nian shang ban nian, hong ying jiao yu shi xian ying shou 1. 00 yi yuan, shi xian jing li run 2738. 78 wan yuan jin se yao lan shi xian ying shou 8814. 20 wan yuan, shi xian jing li run 5619. 64 wan yuan. zong ti lai kan, you jiao hang ye zhan ying shou bi zhong da 39. 67, xiang jiao yu qu nian zeng zhang le 13. 11. you zhu yu zai qian, yi shi jian, you jiao zi chan cheng wei bu shao gong si miao zhun di shou bing gou dui xiang, feng tou wu liang. chu le wei chuang gu fen, yi tong xiang you jiao hang ye fa zhan de hai you xiu qiang gu fen 300160 chang fang ji tuan dian guang ke ji 002730 deng. ran er shang shi gong si dui you jiao zi chan de feng kuang jia ma, qi bei hou que shi er ji shi chang de die dang qi fu. zheng ru mou ye nei ren shi suo yan: shang shi gong si wei le huo de gao PE, dang gong si yuan zhu ye yu dao fa zhan ping jing shi, wang wang tong guo zi ben lai zheng he chan ye yi huo de gao gu zhi, yi ci huo de long duan xing you shi. zhe wu yi shi yi chang du shu yu zi ben de you xi. you qi shi zi 2015 nian yi lai, sui zhe zheng jian hui" fang song guan zhi", sao chu kua hang ye kua di qu kua suo you zhi bing gou chong zu de zhang ai, gu li shang shi gong si de shi chang hua bing gou 2017 nian 9 yue, xin min cu fa mian shi, yun xu min ban xue xiao de ju ban zhe zi zhu xuan ze she li fei ying li xing huo zhe ying li xing min ban xue xiao. you ci, min ban xue qian jiao yu jia su shi ru kuai che dao, you jiao chan ye zuo wei zhao yang chan ye, cheng wei le zi ben yan zhong de" xiang bo bo". ran er, bu rong hu lue de shi, zi ben de zhu li xing, shi de qi jiu xiang shi shen shan de lang, mu guang jian ding, zhi hui shi ben zhe xian xue er qu. san duo shi zhi qiu 2017 nian 9 yue, hong huang lan zai mei IPO, zi ben min rui di yi shi dao, you er yuan zi chan shi neng gou du li shang shi de, you jiao zi ben hua yuan lai huan neng zhe yang wan. zai hong huang lan IPO dai dong xia, min ban hua zi ben hua lian suo hua cheng you er yuan fa zhan xin qu shi, yu zhi xiang ban er sheng de, ze shi you jiao shi chang bao lu le yue lai yue duo de wen ti." nue tong" shi qi zhong zui wei can tong he ji duan di an li, shi zi ben kai chu de" man tuo luo", hen da cheng du shang shi yin wei, you jiao zi chan guo du kuo zhang, er yuan suo zai yun ying shi zi guan li jian du deng fang mian gen bu shang de jie guo. yi hong huang lan wei li, yi kai shi hong huang lan zi jian zhi ying you er yuan, gen ju shi jian jing yan, mei xin kai yi jia you er yuan, cong kai shi chou bei dao cheng shu qi da yue xu yao 4 nian zuo you shi jian, da duo shu cheng shu you er yuan de mao li lv tong chang zai 2040 zuo you hou lai hong huang lan you shuang xian fa zhan chu jia meng mo shi, you jia meng shang chu qian, hong huang lan fu ze shu chu pin pai he guan li jing yan." xian yi zhi ying yuan suo zhan wen jiao gen, hou kai qi qing zi chan jia meng mo shi" ke yi gui na wei hong huang lan zhu yao zi chan you er yuan he qin zi yuan de kuo zhang fang shi. zai kuo zhang su du shang, te xu jing ying de jia meng mo shi yuan gao yu zhi ying mo shi. shu ju xian shi, 2014 nian dao 2016 nian, hong huang lan zhi ying you er yuan fen bie you 50 62 he 77 suo, zhi de zhu yi de shi, 2016 nian yi ju zeng jia 15 suo zhi ying yuan, zhan dao zhi ying yuan zong shu yue 20 zhi ying qin zi yuan fen bie you 24 14 he 10 suo, cheng xian chu zhu nian xia jiang de qu shi. dao 2017 nian nian di, hong huang lan zai quan guo 30 ge sheng shi kai zhan le 85 jia zhi ying he 210 jia te xu jing ying you er yuan, quan guo yi gong kai le 953 ge qin zi yuan. xi ren de shu ju xia, wei ji an cang. shang shi bu dao liang ge yue, hong huang lan jiu bao chu le bei jing chao yang qu xin tian di you er yuan" nue tong shi jian". jiao yu hang ye zi lai jiu you qi te you de fa zhan gui lv, zhu duo fu wu xi jie xu yao da mo, zi ben de zhu li xing wei, que hen bu de hong huang lan" fei qi lai", zhi ying yuan jia meng yuan liang you bu qi, bu fen you er yuan guo yu zhui qiu ye ji, shi de shi zi jiao yu nei rong fu wu zhi liang he an quan ba kong fang mian wu fa de dao bao zheng." wo gan jue zuo pin zhi he zuo gui mo qi shi shi mao dun de, yao xiang zhen xin zuo yi jian shi jiu bu yao tan duo." kang yan jiang dao," zhe ye shi wei shen me zai zhong guo guo qu ji nian, fan fu chu xian shi pin an quan wen ti nue tong wen ti. zhe dou shi you yu kuo zhang su du guo kuai, wo men de guan li chao chu le neng li suo fu gai de fan wei." ta bu chong dao, su ning ke yi you shang wan jia dian, mai dang lao ye bu cuo, ren jia shi yi fei chang you zhi di biao zhun hua de guan li neng li qu shi xian wan dian fu gai de," you jiao hang ye hai yuan yuan mei you dao zhe zhong cheng du". ran er, bi" nue tong" geng ling ren han xin de, shi zi ben de tai du." nue tong shi jian" hou, hong huang lan gu jia die fu jin 40. ran er jin jin zai hong huang lan gao guan xuan bu 5000 wan mei yuan gu piao hui gou ji hua de yi ge zhou mo hou, hong huang lan yi du yao zhan de gu jia chu xian fan dan, zai pan qian jiao yi zhong yi du shang zhang jin 15, shou pan zhang fu da 9. 73, zhou er gu jia ji xu fan dan, shou pan zhang fu chao guo le 23. zhe yi ji ju fan cha de shu zi zai ci zheng ming" dang zi ben lai dao ren jian, mei yi ge mao kong dou di zhe ang zang de xue". ju you gong yi xing zhi di jiao yu bei dang cheng le yi men chi luo luo de sheng yi, zhi wei zi ben he shao shu ren fu wu, jiang mei ge hai zi, mei ge jia ting, zheng ge she hui de wei lai jiao fu yu li yi, zhe ben shen jiu shi yi tiao" zou dao hei" de lu. er jiao yu de wei lai ying gai shi guang ming de. si" zhi ben jie lai huan jie qu" 2018 nian 11 yue, xue qian jiao yu xin gui fa bu, gei" huang tang xu jiu" you jiao shi chang lai le yi ci xuan ya le ma. xin gui zhi chu, min ban yuan yi lv bu zhun dan du huo zuo wei yi bu fen zi chan da bao shang shi shang shi gong si bu de tong guo gu piao shi chang rong zi tou zi ying li xing you er yuan, bu de tong guo fa xing gu fen huo zhi fu xian jin deng fang shi gou mai ying li xing you er yuan zi chan. zhe wu yi yu zhi jie du si le ying li xing you er yuan de shang shi zhi lu, ye jiu shi shuo, min ban ying li xing you er yuan zhi neng tong guo xue fei he fu wu fei yong zhuan qu li run, zhe rang min ban you er yuan tou zi he bing gou zhi lu bian de geng jia qu zhe. xue qian jiao yu xin gui fa bu shou ge jiao yi ri, gang gu A gu jiao yu ban kuai di mi shou pan. xin gui fa bu dang wan, hong huang lan gu jia chu xian yao zhan. pan qian die fu 25, kai pan hou yi du bao die jin 53, zhi hou jin ji lin shi ting pai, hen kuai hui fu jiao yi hou, die fu yi du kuo da zhi jin 60. ci wai, xin gui fa bu bu dao yi zhou, qun xing wan ju 002575 fa bu gong gao cheng, zhong zhi she li qun xing cai hong wo niu you er yuan bing gou ji jin. bing biao shi: gong si zi 2018 nian 7 yue pi lu gong gao ni cheng li qun xing cai hong wo niu you er yuan bing gou ji jin yi lai, jie zhi ben gong gao pi lu ri, gong si mei you zai xue qian jiao yu ling yu tou ru ren he zi jin mei you chu zi she li ren he you er yuan bing gou ji jin mei you chu zi shou gou ren he you er yuan, suo yi guo jia xue qian jiao yu zheng ce bian hua bu hui dui gong si chan sheng ren he ying xiang. fang ruo ci qian hao zhi 2 ge yi cheng li ji jin da suan bing gou you er yuan zi chan de bu shi ta. zi ben biao xian de jing ru ci gan cui, ta ji shi chou shen, jiu xiang shi xuan ze da nan lin tou ge zi fei de ling yi ban, qi wu qing leng ku, que ye qia qia ying he le zheng ce xi wang da dao de mu di: xue qian jiao yu ying gai hui gui ta yuan ben de yang zi, ta tuo gui tai jiu le. zai zi ben zhu li xia," ru yuan nan"" ru yuan gui" bian ben jia li, cheng wei kun zhu guang da you er fu mu de jia suo, wei liao jie jue zhe yi wen ti, xin gui te bie ti dao: dao 2020 nian, quan guo pu hui xing you er yuan fu gai lv gong ban yuan he pu hui xing min ban yuan zai yuan you er zhan bi jiang da dao 80. zai ci jiang zhi qian de pu hui yuan zheng ce gui ding ti shang ri cheng. suo wei de pu hui yuan, shi zhi jie shou zheng fu jia ge zhi dao de mian xiang gong zhong kai fang de he ge you er yuan, bao kuo gong ban yuan he fei ying li xing min ban yuan. wei le da li fa zhan pu hui yuan, zheng fu gu li min ban yuan zhuan wei fei ying li xing min ban you er yuan, tong shi ji yu qi yi ding bu tie, you er yuan yi jing" mian mu quan fei" tai jiu, pu hui yuan de gui ding neng fou jie jiu bei kun zhu de you er fu mu, ceng jing ye man sheng zhang de you er yuan, chu lu you zai he fang? wu ge you qian qiu min ban you er 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shi chang ge ju hui fa zhan cheng shen me mu yang? zai xia qing kan lai, dui pu hui yuan zheng ce zui min gan di dang shu zhong duan you er yuan," pu hui yuan zheng ce jiang ba zhong duan you er yuan xiang liang tou ji ya". yin ci, zhong duan you er yuan de chu lu you liang tiao: yao me, ti sheng pin zhi bian wei gao duan you er yuan, jiang zi shen de ke cheng te se fu wu pin pai deng da zao di qu bie yu pu hui yuan, cong er xi yin dui jiao yu fu wu you te shu xu qiu de jia zhang, bing shou qu jiao gao xue fei lai zhi fu gao e fang zu yi ji you xiu de ren li cheng ben. yao me, jiang di cheng ben, bao zheng an quan, zuo hao you er kan hu gong zuo, zuo cheng pu hui yuan, ci wai, wei le you er yuan mi ji qu bao zheng jing zheng you shi, ke yi bao liu yi ding de ke cheng te se fu wu. ta hai bu chong dao, ji di duan you er yuan bu he an quan tiao jian de hei yuan hui zhi jie bei tao tai. li bai lian bang zai xian CEO tong yang ren wei pu hui yuan zheng ce xia fa hou, zhong duan you er yuan huo xu jiang bu fu cun zai. bu tong de shi, ta ren wei, suo you de zhong duan you er yuan dou hui zhuan bian cheng pu hui xing you er yuan. ye yin ci, ye nei pu bian ren wei, wei lai de you jiao shi chang jiang zhu jian xing cheng" gao duan pu hui" er ba fen cheng ge ju. tong su di jiang jiu shi" zhuan ren zhuan shi"," yao pu hui jiu zuo pu hui xing you er yuan, yao ying li jiu zuo ying li xing you er yuan, di duan zhua shi hui, gao duan zuo te se." you ye nei ren shi zhe yang shuo dao," pu hui yu gao duan, bei hou shi yuan suo shi fou ying li." ye you yuan zhang biao shi, zhuan xing fang xiang de xuan ze, zhu yao gen yuan suo zi shen tiao jian yu ding wei you guan. zai ta kan lai, ru guo yuan suo ben shen you zi shen de pin pai, ke yi huo de jiao yu ju yi ji jia zhang de ren ke, zi ran yao zuo gao duan. li peng qiang shui he zi ben he huo ren ze ren wei, chu le jiang yuan suo zhuan huan wei pu hui yuan huo gao duan yuan wai, you er yuan bu fang kao lv zuo ye tai yan shen huo zhe zuo 2B fu wu, huo zhe bian cheng you er yuan de fu wu shang. li bai xiang de geng chang yuan yi xie:" mu qian de qing kuang shi, zou pu hui de you er yuan, guo jia hui gei yi ding de bu tie gao duan you er yuan ze gong you yu li de jia zhang wei hai zi xuan ze. dan shi wo jue zhe zhe yang de jie duan zhi shi yi ge guo du jie duan, wei lai ying gai shi xiang fa da guo jia, bi ru mei guo ao da li ya xin jia po ri ben deng guo jia yi yang." ta jin yi bu jie shi dao, mei yi ge jia ting de shui shou gen hai zi de ge shu hui bei lu ru jin ren li bao zhang xi tong dang zhong, zheng fu hui ji yu jia ting de shou ru qing kuang bi ru shui shou jiao na shao, huo zhe shi dan qing jia ting, zai hai zi bu tong de nian ling duan ji yu xiang ying de bu tie." jia zhang zhi xu yao xuan ze you er yuan jiu hao, zheng fu hui ba xiang ying de jiao yu bu tie zhi jie xia da dao hai zi suo zai de you er yuan. jia ting zhi xu yao jiao na ta ying gai jiao na de yi bu fen jiu hao." li bai ren wei, ru guo zhe zhong xing shi bei cai na de hua, ye jiu yi wei zhe bu guan jia zhang xuan ze na zhong xing zhi di you er yuan, dou ke yi huo de xiang ying de bu tie," er bu shi yi dao qie de, cong you er yuan de jiao du qu xian zhi shou fei". yuan suo xuan ze pu hui hai shi gao duan, jue ding le qi shi fou xuan ze ying li, ran er, dui yu xiao qu pei tao you er yuan lai shuo, bu guan shi ban cheng gong ban yuan hai shi wei tuo ban cheng pu hui xing min ban yuan, dou bu de ying li. er zheng ce dui yu xiao qu pei tao you er yuan bu de ban cheng ying li xing you er yuan de gui ding, shi fen guan jian. liu xiao qu pei tao you er yuan fei ying li xing de bi yao xing 2019 nian 1 yue, guo wu yuan ban gong ting yin fa guan yu kai zhan cheng zhen xiao qu pei tao you er yuan zhi li gong zuo de tong zhi, tong zhi yao qiu, xiao qu pei tao you er yuan yi jiao dang di jiao yu xing zheng bu men hou, ying dang you jiao yu xing zheng bu men ban cheng gong ban yuan huo wei tuo ban cheng pu hui xing min ban yuan, bu de ban cheng ying li xing you er yuan. ye jiu shi shuo," er ba" ge ju xia, ruo min ban yuan xuan ze zhuan wei xiao qu pei tao yuan, huo zhe yuan suo ben shen zai xiao qu nei," ying li" jiang yu qi wu guan. xuan ze zhe yang zuo de li you, jiao yu bu ji chu jiao yu si si zhang lv yu gang jie shao, 2017 nian quan guo xue qian jiao yu diao yan fa xian, yi xie di fang cheng zhen xiao qu you de mei you pei jian you er yuan, you de sui ran jian le dan mei you ban cheng gong ban yuan huo zhe wei tuo ban cheng pu hui xing min ban yuan, zhe shi zao cheng cheng zhen" ru gong ban yuan nan"" ru pu hui xing min ban yuan nan"" jiu jin ru yuan nan" de zhong yao yuan yin. xia qing cong cai chan suo you zhe de jiao du fen xi:" fa lv shang, yin wei xiao qu pei tao yuan di chan kai fang shang wei jiao tu di chu rang jin, you er yuan zi chan shu yu guo you, yin ci ying jiao huan zheng fu." shi shi shang, xiao qu pei tao yuan bu de ying li de gui ding, xue qian jiao yu xin gui zhong ye you ti ji. you zhuan jia ren wei, gai tiao gui ding, zhen dui de zheng shi bu shao fang di chan shang jiang jiao yu zuo wei ying li dian, gu yi jiang xiao qu pei tao yuan jian cheng gao shou fei yuan suo. shu ju xian shi, zai yi xian cheng shi, bu xiao qu pei tao yuan shou fei yi jing da dao 4000 yuan yue, geng you shen zhe, gao da 8000 yuan. shou di yu long duan xing de ying xiang, bu shao jia zhang zhi neng xuan ze tuo xie." xiao qu pei tao you er yuan bei jian cheng ying li xing min ban you er yuan, yi yin qi hen duo xiao qu ju min bu man. na pa xiao qu zhong de fu ren bu shao, you neng li zhi fu tian jia bao jiao fei, ke zuo wei xiao qu gong gong fu wu pei tao de you er yuan, shi mian xiang zhou wei suo you xiao qu ju min de, jia zhi ju you di yu shang de long duan xing, yin ci, bi xu ban wei pu hui yuan." xiong bing qi 21 shi ji jiao yu yan jiu yuan fu yuan chang shuo dao. zai ta kan lai, ru guo yao ban ying li xing min ban you er yuan, ke yi xuan ze zai qi ta chang suo ju ban." zhe sui ran hui ti gao ying li xing you er yuan de ban yuan cheng ben, dan ju ban zhe yao yi shi dao, ji xiang you pei tao zheng ce you hui, you ju ban wei ying li xing you er yuan de' hao ri zi' yi jing guo qu le." bu guo, zai xia qing kan lai, xiao qu pei tao yuan ju ti shi yao ju ban pu hui yuan gong ban yuan hai shi gao duan min ban yuan, dou wu ke hou fei, ying gai kan ci yuan zhou wei she qu ren qun de ding wei. ta hai ti chu yi ge jian yi:" ru guo zhou wei dou shi gao duan ren qun, dui gao duan you er yuan you hen qiang de shi chang xu qiu, zheng fu ye ke yi jiang guo you zi chan jing jia chu zu, ban cheng man zu shi chang de gao duan yuan. ke yi jiang shou hui de zu jin yong lai tou zi qi ta wei zhi de pu hui yuan, huo bian cheng jiao yu quan gei dao fu jin de gong zi shui ping jiao di de she qu ju min." ran er, yi ge bu rong gai bian de shi shi shi, yuan suo de zhi liang bu ying gai yin qi xing zhi di bian hua er jiang di. qi pu hui ping yong guan yu xiao qu pei tao yuan gui ding de tong zhi fa bu hou, bu shao ren dou dan xin wei lai zhong guo de xue qian jiao yu, bi jing, sui ran you cai zheng bu tie, dan qi shu e ye ke neng shi hen shao de, you ming wei" da shan jiu" de zuo zhe zai jian shu shang fa wen hu yu: bie rang" pu hui" zheng ce cheng wei zhong guo you jiao zou xiang ping yong de kai shi. ta zai wen zhang zhong zhi chu, zuo wei xiao qu pei tao yuan, shi bi bei pu hui: ji shou fei shou dao xian zhi, bu tie shao qie fu jia guan zhi er you xiu de jiao shi you xiu de guan li you zhi di huan jing you zhi di shi cai feng fu de jiao ju feng fu de huo dong mei you yi xiang shi bu xu yao da liang tou ru de. ru guo rang ta men tui chu pei tao yuan chang di yi di zhong ban, geng shi zhi ming yi ji: shou xian she hui shang shi he ban you er yuan de chang di hen shao, er zi jian chang di dui yu da duo shu ren er yan dou wu ci shi li. ling wai, hai you yi ge bu ying hu lue de shi shi shi: sui zhe zhong guo jing ji de fa zhan, guo min shou ru de ti gao, you xiang dang bi li de qun ti yuan yi wei you zhi jiao yu mai dan, er bu shi yi wei di zhui qiu di jia he pu hui. er zhe yang de dan xin, lai zi dui zheng fu bu tie de dan you. zheng ru xiong bing qi shuo yan:" pu hui min ban you er yuan hui jiang zhi, shi ji yu zheng fu dui pu hui min ban you er yuan bu tie shao guan zhi duo, bi ru an zheng fu xian jia huo zhi dao jia shou fei, dan bu tie que hen shao, zheng fu cai zheng bu tie jia xin de bao jiao fei biao zhun, yu zhi qian de bao jia fei xiang cha hen yuan, na zhe que shi hui ying xiang zhuan wei pu hui de min ban you er yuan zhi liang." dan shi ji qing kuang bing fei ru ci, bi ru bei jing shi cai zheng ju he bei jing shi jiao wei jin ri yin fa bei jing shi shi ji cai zheng zhi chi xue qian jiao yu shi ye fa zhan bu zhu zi jin guan li shi yong shi shi xi ze xiu ding, yu ci qian" zan xing" ban xi ze xiang bi, yong yu gong yi pu hui yuan ban yuan cheng ben zhi chu bu zhu de sheng jun ding e bu zhu bu zai fen wei yi er san ji, er shi tong yi ti gao dao mei sheng mei yue 1000 yuan. yin ci, zhi yao he li zhi ding cai zheng bu tie zheng ce, jiang di bao jiao fei bing bu hui jiang zhi. jie zhi mu qian, yi you duo ge di qu chu tai le pu hui xing you er yuan ren ding yu guan li ban fa pu hui xing you er yuan bu tie zheng ce: lai yuan: gen ju gong kai xin xi zheng li ci wai, ta hai biao shi:" ti gao min ban you er yuan de ban yuan zhi liang, zui zhong yao de shi luo shi he kuo da you er yuan de ban yuan zi zhu quan, jian shao xing zheng gan yu, rang you er yuan ba jing li dou yong dao ban yuan shang." xiong bing qi bu chong dao:" zhe jiu yao qiu zheng fu bu men zai zhi li min ban xing xiao qu pei tao you er yuan shi, ji yao bu tie dao wei, tong shi fang quan dao wei, ji zeng jia dui xue qian jiao yu de tou ru, jia da dui pu hui min ban you er yuan de fu chi li du, tong shi shen hua fang guan fu gai ge, zai yi fa jian guan suo you you er yuan gui fan ban yuan ji chu shang, luo shi you er yuan zi zhu quan." li ting tong yang biao shi:" jian yi di fang zheng fu de xiang guan fu ze ren zai cheng zhen xiao qu pei tao you er yuan zhi li guo cheng zhong, cong shi ji chu fa, bu gao yi dao qie, yan ge zun xun tong zhi ti chu de' yi shi yi yi'' yi yuan yi an' de zhen dui xing zheng gai yao qiu." ta hai biao shi, di fang zheng fu ke yi zhi ding ju you xi yin li de pu hui xing you er yuan cai zheng zhi chi zheng ce he bu tie biao zhun, ji fa qi ji ji xing, bi mian chu xian" zhi guan bu li"" pu er bu hui"" di er bu you" de xian xiang, cong gen ben shang da dao" jiang jia bu jiang zhi"" pu hui bu pu tong"" gong ping you zhi liang" de mu di." er ba" fen ceng yi cheng ding ju, zheng ru mou wei ye nei ren shi shuo de, zheng ce dai lai de zong he ying xiang shi: zi jin quan mian shou jin, jing zheng jia ju, zheng ti cheng ben shang sheng, jiao shi shu liang jin yi bu jin que, xiao qu pei tao zheng gai feng xian gao. na dui yu yi zhi yi lai, zai you jiao fa zhan shi shang fa hui zhe wu fa hu shi zuo yong de zi ben, you gai he qu he cong? ba zi ben de" ling pi xi jing" wang hong bing yi dian yi di dong shi zhang jian CEO, yuan hong ying jiao yu CEO ceng zai gong kai chang he biao shi:" zheng ce de he xin ben zhi bu shi ying li he fei ying li, ta de ben zhi shi pu hui." zai ta kan lai, zheng ce gei xue qian jiao yu hen zhong yao de xin hao, wu lun shi zheng ce zi ben, hai shi hu lian wang, tong shi dou zai xuan gao yi jian shi qing, zhong guo xue qian jiao yu zhe ge chan ye zheng kuai qian qing song zhuan qian de shi dai yi jing guo qu." yi qian kai yi jia you er yuan, shou ru 1000 wan huo shi 500 wan, mao li lv zhi shao you 40. yuan yin zai yu xue qian jiao yu shi mian shui de. jin tian ni yao shen bao wei ying li, na shui jiu yao kan diao yi ban, ni ying li de bu fen jiu kan diao le yi da ban. chu ci zhi wai, hai you chang di cheng ben." wang hong bing ju li dao. zai ta kan lai, nei xie zhi qian ying li neng li qiang de you er yuan, hen duo dang shi yong de dou shi xiao qu pei tao you er yuan," dan jin tian xiao qu pei tao you er yuan fen fen yao ban cheng pu hui you er yuan. zu shang ye yong di de fang zu hen gao, zai jia shang shui shou cheng ben, zheng ge cheng ben dou zai kuai su shang sheng." yin ci, ru he zui da xian du di bang zhu you er yuan ti sheng xiao lv, bang ta sheng qian cheng wei dang xia you er yuan cong ye zhe ying gai si kao de yi ge wen ti. li peng qiang shuo dao:" you er yuan zhu jian jin ru wei li shi dai." zai ta kan lai, zheng ce xia fa hou, zhi qian suo jin xing de you er yuan chan ye de zheng he bing gou shang shi de lu jing yi jing zou bu tong le, zi ben ke yi xian huan huan, tiao zheng suo guan zhu de ling yu. ta bi jiao kan hao gei you er yuan zuo fu neng de xiang mu: yi lei zhi li yu bang zhu you er yuan ti sheng ban yuan zhi liang, bi ru zuo shi xun ling wai yi lei shi bang zhu you er yuan tou zi ren bian xian de xiang mu, ji yu xian you liu liang bian xian huo zuo chan ye ye tai yan shen. tou zi ren ying gai zhu yi ren he shi de pi pei cheng du, zhong dian kan you er yuan shi fou ju bei zhuan xing cheng ying li xing you er yuan de zi zhi shi fou shi xiao qu pei tao yuan deng he neng li. ci wai, ta ren wei xin gui hui qiang hua dui you shi de pei xun, chan ye de sheng ji bei hou yi ding shi ren cai de sheng ji. yin ci, you er yuan zi shen de shi zi ke cheng guan li deng tong yang zhong yao. li bai zhan zai tou zi ren de jiao du, ren wei gao duan you er yuan geng you tou zi jia zhi." cong fa da guo jia de li zi lai kan, shui neng na dao si li min ban you er yuan de zhi zhao, ji ben shang jiu shi yi ge jin fan wan. sui ran tou zi you er yuan tan bu shang neng huo de bao li, dan suo huo de de de tou zi shou ru fei chang wen ding. suo yi yao tou zi de hua, jiu tou zi ying li xing de you er yuan, bi jing zuo wei tou zi lai shuo xu yao you hui bao de." xia qing biao shi zai zheng ce ying xiang xia, xiang you er yuan ti gong guan li fu wu de gong si ying lai fa zhan ji hui:" you qi shi ju you hu lian wang shu xing de, chan pin ji shu bi lei jiao gao de, ke yi huo qu jia ting er tong shu ju de jiao yu ji gou." ta hai bu chong dao," ke chuang ban de chuang li ye geng hui rang zhe yang de xue qian jiao yu gong si you hen da de ji hui." jiu" er ba" fen ceng xia, gong ji duan yu xu qiu duan di mao dun zheng fu wen jian zhong yi jing ming que zhi chu, wei lai pu hui yuan de fu gai lv jiang da dao 80, ji zhu xuan lv shi pu hui, ying li xing you er yuan zhu nian jian shao, ran er tong yi shi jian, you yi ge bai zai yan qian xu yao si kao de wen ti shi, zai wo guo shi fou hui you ru ci duo de jia ting xu yao pu hui yuan? you shu ju xian shi, wo guo zhong chan jie ji zheng zai xun su zhuang da, xin xing zhong chan jie ceng yu fu yu jie ceng de bi li zai 2016 nian shi, yi jing da dao 20. 4, xu qiu ce yu gong ji ce liang zhong bi li shu zhi cun zai de cha yi, shi fou yi ding cheng du shang dai biao le shuang yuan shi chang te zheng xia de zi yuan cuo pei? kang yan yi zi shen wei li, shuo dao:" pu hui yuan zheng ce chu lai hou, wo men Etonkids hen duo jia zhang shuo qian wan bu neng zhuan pu hui, ru guo zhuan de hua, ta men jiu hui dao qi ta de ying li yuan qu. jia zhang xi wang you cha yi hua de jiao yu you guo ji hua de jiao yu you ding zhi hua de jiao yu, ta men tong shi zhi dao tian xia mei you mian fei de wu can, hao de jiao yu yi ding xu yao hao de zi yuan." na you duo shao zhong chan jie ji jia ting de jia zhang yuan yi rang hai zi shu zai qi pao xian shang? zai kang yan kan lai, wei lai wu nian, zhen zheng you pin zhi di gao duan yuan hui gong bu ying qiu min ban yuan pu hui yuan gong li yuan de jia zhang yi ding hui zai xiao wai xun qiu jiao yu jin bu," ti zhi nei man zu bu liao le, 750 kuai hai xiang jiao mei shu ying wen, hai xiang qing wai jiao? yi ding you da liang de K12 ji gou hui zai shi chang shang fa zhan, jia zhang hui zai hai zi xia ke yi hou qu zhao e wai de ji gou qu bu hai zi zai ke tang li mian huo de bu dao de ke cheng. zhe shi shi chang xu qiu zao cheng de." ran er, wu lun ru he, you yi ge yong heng bu bian de shi ti gao jiao yu pin zhi shi bu er fa men." quan hang ye dou mian lin yi ge wen ti, zen me gei wo men you shi yi fen you zun yan de zhi ye, you fa zhan de zhi ye, zhen zheng zai ti ji shang neng gou cheng zhang de zhi ye. zhei xie shi wo men zhei xie cong ye zhe yao qu si kao de, li mian you da liang de ji hui." shi zheng ce luo di bi mian" yi dao qie"" ru yuan nan"" ru yuan gui" shi you er yuan yi zhi wei ren kou zhu bi fa de dian, you yu xue qian jiao yu zi yuan gong ji bu zu, jia zhang mei you xuan ze shen zhi wu fa xuan ze. zheng ru xiong bing qi suo yan, dang shi chang ji zhi shi ling shi, yi xie you er yuan ju ban zhe bing bu zhong shi ban yuan zhi liang, zhi xiang zhe ru he kuai su kuo zhang mou li. zhe dao zhi de jie guo jiu shi, ji bian shi yi xie tian jia you er yuan," sui ran bao jiao fei gao, dan shi, you er yuan de guan li que bi jiao hun luan, jiao shi dai yu ye bu gao, zhi qian yi jing shang shi de you er yuan ji tuan hai pu chu guo nue tong chou wen". yin ci, fa zhan pu hui yuan, zeng jia xue qian jiao yu zi yuan gong ji jiu cheng le shun li cheng zhang de shi qing." zhe yi fang mian ke yi huan jie ru yuan nan ru yuan gui de wen ti, ling yi fang mian, ye ke ti gao you er yuan zheng ti zhi liang." xiong bing qi jie shi dao, dang pu hui xue qian jiao yu zi yuan gong ji zeng jia, ying li xing min ban you er yuan yao xi yin sheng yuan, jiu bi xu ti gao zhi liang, zhi ding he li de bao jiao fei biao zhun. zhe ke qie shi xiao chu bu fen ying li xing min ban you er yuan de duan shi ban xue xing wei, zhong shi da zao pin pai, ye gai bian min ban you er yuan" bao li" de xing xiang. ran er, hai you yi ge wu fa hu lue de shi shi shi, min ban yuan zai zhuan wei pu hui yuan de guo cheng zhong, hui dao zhi hen duo wu fa bi mian de wen ti chu xian. you jia zhang gen mei ti fan ying, zi ji hai zi shang de you er yuan zai zhuan wei pu hui yuan zhi hou, jin guan xue fei bian shao le, dan shi hai zi shang de bao jiao ke cheng chu xian le che ke de qing kuang: bi ru zhi qian de wai jiao ke lun hua deng te se ke cheng dou qu xiao le. you ye nei ren shi zai jie shou mei ti cai fang shi ceng biao shi, min ban pu hui yuan sheng cun ya li hen da, qi xue fei shou ru ke neng jin neng fu gai qi ji ben de yun ying he ren li cheng ben, dan shi yi xie wai jiao su zhi jiao yu fang mian di ke cheng ke neng wu fa gen de shang. ci wai, pu hui yuan shu liang de zeng jia bing bu yi wei zhe" ru yuan rong yi". ci qian you jia zhang jie shou mei ti cai fang shi ceng biao shi, ta suo zai de di qu ren kou mi du da, dan you er yuan shu liang bing bu duo." xue fei jiang dao le 750, yi xia zi pian yi le hen duo, you xu duo ren feng yong er zhi, bao ming geng bu rong yi le." zhi de zhu yi de shi, you de jia zhang dui zi jia suo zai xiao qu you er yuan zhuan wei pu hui yuan shi fen bu man:" sui ran pu hui yuan pian yi, dan shi yi fen jia qian yi fen huo." er ta suo zai xiao qu de ren qun shou ru pu bian jiao gao. ta dan xin you er yuan zhuan wei pu hui yuan zhi hou, yuan lai yuan suo kai she de lei si qin zi you wai jiao ke deng huo dong hui bei qu di." zhe hui dao zhi ke cheng zhi liang xia jiang, zhe bing bu shi wo men xi wang kan dao de." yi shang lie ju de ye shi dang xia, min ban pu hui yuan pu bian mian lin de yi xie wen ti. zheng ce chu tai de chu zhong, shi wei le geng hao di fu wu yu jia zhang he you er, jie jue" ru yuan nan"" ru yuan gui" de wen ti, bing bu shi wei le" 80" zhe yang yi ge hao kan de shu zi. yin ci, bi zhe ren wei, zheng ce zai luo di guo cheng zhong, ying gai geng jia ren xing hua geng jia ling huo, er bu shi yi dao qie shi de zhi xing, yi fang zhi bu fen di qu zheng ce luo shi" yong li", er dao zhi bu fen ban xue zhi liang jiao gao de you er yuan chu xian tui bu de qing kuang fa sheng, fan er de bu chang shi. shi yi ji zhe shou ji you er yuan de fa zhan jing li le yi duan qu zhe de shi guang, qi zui xian yin mi bu le gong ban yuan zai xue qian jiao yu jie duan de que wei, er cheng wei" ying xiong", dai zheng ce sao qing qi zheng quan hua de zhang ai hou, yi du cheng wei zi ben zhui peng de dui xiang, you jiao shi chang di que yin wei zi ben de kuai su yong ru huo de kong qian fa zhan. ran er, bu ke hu lue de shi, kuai su kuo zhang de guo cheng zhong, yin zi ben de zhu li xing, bao lu liao bu shao de wen ti, zui yan zhong de de bi ru nue tong shi jian. ci wai, dang zi ben mei you kan dao suo qi wang de shou yi, xuan ze che chu, shi bi hui zao cheng hang ye de da pian shang wang. yin ci zuo jiao yu, bi xu zuo hao chang qi jing ying de da suan, jiao yu bu shi yi ge" wan wan er er yi" de shi qing. she hui li liang zai you er yuan de fa zhan zhong chu le hen duo li qi, ye zhuo you cheng xiao, jin guan zheng ce jia jin, dan dui she hui li liang de qi dai, bing mei you yin ci er xiao shi." gu li she hui li liang ju ban fei ying li xing min ban xue xiao" shi zheng fu de qi dai, ye shi she hui de qi dai.

    

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    今年九月,AppSmithMead健康手镯1S发布。这是AMAZFIT仪表动作健康手镯(在2017年4月发布)的升级版本。价格维持在699元不变。

    在保留经典心2133盛世三国_高鹰生殖中心电芯片的基础上,在华密新一代高精度光学传感器的基础上增加了1S,使测量精度提高到98%。同时,将新的AI神经网络从被动测量升级到7*24小时主动监测,通过AI自动检测心律失常(包括心房颤动)和第一次报警!秀逗魔导士出装_高鹰生殖中心

 &n黎美娴个人资料_高鹰生殖中心bsp;  华美科技认为,长时间全天候的监视更重要,所以心电图设备的更好形式是耐htc魔音耳机_高鹰生殖中心力更长,更适合晚上睡觉时戴手镯。

    值得一提的是,AMAZFIT地铁健康手镯1S访问地铁健康应用包括在线医生咨询、健康周刊、健康生活方式提醒、家人和朋友的关注。

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